What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is an eye disease that affects the eye’s optic nerve. When natural-occurring eye fluids build up in the eye, there will be an increase in intraocular pressure. The increased pressure can cause damage to the optic nerve and can affect its ability to transmit images to the brain. Left untreated, this can eventually lead to irreversible vision loss.
Unfortunately, glaucoma does not typically have any outward symptoms until the condition has progressed and irreparable damage has occurred. Unless you are having regular eye exams, you may not know that glaucoma is silently robbing you of your vision. Glaucoma can be easily detected during a regular eye examination. Because early detection is the key to treatment, having regular checkups is all the more important if you are in a high-risk group.
In advanced stages of glaucoma, you may experience:
- Eye pain
- Blurry vision
- Vision loss
- Tunnel vision
- Halos around lights
Glaucoma Risk Factors
There are numerous factors that increase a person’s risk for glaucoma, including:
- Family history of glaucoma
- Advanced age (risk increases after 60)
- African American, Hispanic or Asian ancestry
- Previous eye injuries
- Thin corneas
- High blood pressure or heart disease
Types of Glaucoma
There are 2 main types of glaucoma:
- Primary open angle (most common): the normal angle of the iris/cornea intersection is open but there is a blockage in the drainage canal that is not allowing fluid to escape
- Angle closure: the iris/cornea angle closes suddenly, thereby blocking the drainage canal and causing an immediate spike in intraocular pressure
There are many other forms of glaucoma including normal-tension where the intraocular pressure remains within normal ranges but the optic nerve is still damaged. Our doctors can diagnose your condition during an eye exam and provide the proper treatment.
Testing for Glaucoma
Our doctors will perform a variety of tests to determine if glaucoma is affecting your vision:
- Visual field test
- Eye pressure measurement
- Optic nerve assessment
- Corneal thickness
- Iris/cornea angle
Find Out if You Have Glaucoma in Jacksonville
Schedule an appointment online or call our office at (904) 296-0098.